Bone metabolism and Energy metabolism- linked? Data says yes, but how tightly?

Bone is broken down by osteoclasts, and rebuil...

Image via Wikipedia

Gerard Karsenty, now at Columbia (with various cohorts, the most common being Patricia Ducy, his now-wife) has spent some 15 years investigating the interactions and regulations effected by osteocalcin (controls the processes by which calcium phosphate is deposited onto bone cells). In a fairly radical theory (even to this day) Karsenty has been studying the links between osteocalcin (which affects the skeletal system (bone) and energy metabolism. Energy metabolism is a process that goes askew in diabetes.  (Our bones are involved with dynamic processes: Osteoblasts form and shape bone tissue, while osteoclasts break it down; the system is called “remodeling”.)

Karsenty also found that leptin (which suppresses appetite) blocks bone growth, even though there is no direct signal from leptin to the bone cells. Moreover, once leptin is infused into mouse brains, bone growth returns to normal).  It seems that leptin inhibits the synthesis of serotonin (in the brain, where most homeostatic processes¹ are regulated), which then attenuates bone growth. But, since homeostatic processes are part of feedback loops, there must be a mechanism by which bone growth affects energy metabolism. It turns out that osteocalcin deficiency is related to insulin-resistant, glucose intolerance (diabetes).

Karsenty determined that eating promotes the release of insulin, which then activates bone remodeling. Osteoblasts produce osteocalcin when forming bone; bone resorption activates the hormone (releases it into the blood stream) which then notifies the β-cells (in the pancreas) to boost insulin production (and glucose uptake). [These two articles referenced above have a great graphical depiction.] This regulatory mechanism operates on a longer-term basis than the normal insulin response.

These mice studies seem to have the most relevance to overweight humans, where insulin resistance and low bone turnover is common.

¹Homeostasis refers to the ability to regulate an organisms interior milieu, ensuring stability due to fluctuations in the environmental surrounding it.

Advertisements

About RAAckerman@Cerebrations.biz

A polymath whose interests span chemical engineering, medicine, biotechnology, business, management, among other areas. Among my inventions/developments: dialyzer, dialysate, neurosurgical drill, respiratory inspirometer, colon electrolyte lavages, urinary catheters, cardiac catheters, water reuse systems, drinking water system, ammonia degrading microbes, toxic chemical reduction via microbes, onsite waste water treatment, electronic health care information systems, bookkeeping and accounting programs, among others.
This entry was posted in Brain, Medicine and tagged , , . Bookmark the permalink.

One Response to Bone metabolism and Energy metabolism- linked? Data says yes, but how tightly?

  1. Pingback: Coach Weight Loss » Blog Archive » Gels Basha groove Brazil jersey soft

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s